Written talk on environmental protection: Huanghe Ning, the world should be protected and developed "a game of chess"
"The Yellow River is peaceful and the world is peaceful." Protecting the Yellow River is a long-term plan for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and the management of the estuary plays a special important role in the protection and management of the entire river. As the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin are written into the national strategy, the green development of the Yellow River Delta also ushered in new momentum.
How to achieve high-quality development while doing ecological protection? This requires us to improve our awareness and position.
One is to recognize the importance of ecological environment protection. The Yellow River Delta is the most complete wetland ecosystem in the warm temperate zone of my country. It is an organic whole with the Yellow River Basin and is an indispensable part of the Yellow River Basin. To this end, it is necessary to do a good job in ecological protection, stabilize the "land-wetland-ocean" pattern, promote the health of river ecosystems, maintain ecological security, increase biodiversity, and build safety barriers; improve water and sediment control mechanisms, and implement river channels and Comprehensive improvement projects for floodplains, slow down river siltation, and ensure the safety of floodplains; promote the conservation and intensive use of water resources, take water resources as rigid constraints, rationally plan the industrial layout, and vigorously develop water-saving industries and technologies, and promote extensive water use. Intensive transformation. Since a lot of the pollution of the Yellow River comes from its tributaries, the treatment of tributary pollution is also an important part of protecting the Yellow River. The treatment of tributary pollution should be regarded as an important starting point for the treatment of the Yellow River.
The second is to recognize the importance of high-quality development. At present, my country's economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. We must deeply grasp the connotation of high-quality development, stimulate economic vitality, enhance innovation and competitiveness, use ecological background and green development as the keynote, optimize industrial structure and spatial layout, and build a power system for high-quality development in the Yellow River Delta. It is necessary to actively explore new ways of high-quality development rich in the regional characteristics of the Yellow River Delta and create a "Yellow River Delta Model." This year is the year to win the fight against poverty and build a well-off society in an all-round way. It is even more necessary to continuously consolidate and improve the results of the fight against poverty and win the fight against poverty with high quality.
The third is to recognize the importance of the Yellow River culture. In the history of my country's civilization for more than 5,000 years, the Yellow River Basin has been the political, economic and cultural center of the country for more than 3,000 years. The Yellow River culture is an important part of Chinese civilization and the root and soul of the Chinese nation. The nine-curved Yellow River, rushing forward, has shaped the Chinese nation's self-improvement national character with its indomitable and majestic momentum, and is an important foundation for the Chinese nation to strengthen its cultural confidence. It is necessary to promote the systematic protection of the cultural heritage of the Yellow River, deeply explore the value of the times contained in the culture of the Yellow River, continue the historical context, inherit the culture of the Yellow River in ecological protection, promote the modernization of the governance system and governance capabilities in the innovative and green development, and let the Yellow River Delta be protected Develop and innovate in inheritance.
The ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin must respect the laws of nature, firmly establish the "a game of chess" idea; recognize the dialectical relationship between protection and development, and pay attention to the systematic, integrated, and synergistic nature of protection and governance; At the same time, promote the modernization of the ecological environment governance system and governance capabilities. To this end, efforts need to be made from the following aspects:
First of all, seize the opportunity to find out the family background. Relying on the major national strategies of ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, we will find out the "family background" of the Yellow River Delta region and systematically carry out the Yellow River Delta background survey and various special surveys. On this basis, analyze the development status of the region, use a system thinking perspective to deeply understand the relationship between industrial structure, layout and ecological environment, and sort out the existing problems.
Second, scientific demonstration and coordinated advancement. Although the Yellow River Delta is located in the main stream and estuary of the Yellow River, there are also problems such as lack of water resources, erosion of tidal flats, shrinking wetlands, and excessive pollutants. Therefore, the relationship between the local industrial development layout and the upper limit of water resources, environmental carrying capacity, population carrying capacity and ecological spatial layout should be scientifically demonstrated. At the same time, as an important area for biodiversity protection, the ecological restoration of the Yellow River Delta should be based on natural restoration. If the ecological restoration project needs to be launched, the ecological security problem must be scientifically demonstrated before implementation to avoid "excessive force" or external sources. Species invasion and other "good intentions do bad things" phenomenon.
Finally, innovate the mechanism and implement it steadily. Strictly control the total amount of water used in the region, guarantee the basic ecological water demand of the estuary, coordinate the land and sea to promote the pollution reduction and management of the river basin, and maintain the ecosystem health of the Yellow River Delta and the Bohai Sea Basin; follow the law of natural evolution, strictly protect the new wetlands, and do a good job The inter-regional tributaries are interconnected to control large-scale artificial ecological reconstruction and protect the native habitat of the Yellow River Estuary; in addition, it is necessary to improve the cross-regional management coordination mechanism and strengthen the joint prevention and control of ecological environmental pollution and joint law enforcement.
In short, for the green and high-quality development of the Yellow River Delta, we should maintain historical patience and strategic determination. We must not only plan for the long-term, but also work in the present. We must draw a blueprint to the end, one crop after another, to truly make the Yellow River a benefit. The people’s happiness river makes the Yellow River Delta a model place for green and high-quality development.